Electrical 101 Home Inspection
Inspecting Electrical Systems
The electrical energy supply that runs through your structure supplied electricity to power lighting and modern conveniences. A professional home inspection conducts a detailed examination of the many ways electricity is set up to power your home.
Your inspector will visually survey and check:
- Service drop.
- Service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways.
- Service equipment and main disconnects.
- Service grounding.
- Interior components of service panels and sub panels.
- Over-current protection devices.
- A representative number of installed lighting fixtures, switches, and receptacles.
- Ground fault circuit interrupters.
Your inspector will follow your connection from public access throughout your home to determine a clear flow of electricity, checking for any possible faulty connections or grounding that could prove hazardous to your home.
Your written report will describe the amperage and voltage rating of your electrical service. It will list the location of the main disconnect(s) and subpanels. These are important for you to know in case of a disaster. The report also notes the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring as well as wiring methods. The presence or absence of smoke detectors is also included in the report.
As you can see, your home inspector will follow the entire course of electrical current. However, your inspector is not required to survey:
- Remote control devices.
- Alarm systems and components.
- Low voltage wiring systems and components.
- Ancillary wiring systems and components. not a part of the primary electrical power distribution system.
- De-icing systems or components
- Measure amperage, voltage, or impedance.
If you require additional system inspections such as for the alarm systems, your inspector will be able to refer you to a qualified local professional.
A detailed electrical inspection is a major component of your property inspection. Take a look at the other 101 introductions to learn what else your home inspector sees when he performs a professional inspection of your property.